In South Australia the non-medical use of drugs is regulated by both State and Commonwealth legislation.
The majority of drug offences are charged under state legislation, that is, the Controlled Substances Act 1984 (SA). This Act regulates the manufacture, production, sale, supply, possession, handling or use of certain poisons, drugs, therapeutic and other substances. It is a complex piece of legislation but it broadly distinguishes between users, who face lesser penalties, and producers or suppliers who in general face greater penalties.
The cultivation of industrial hemp is regulated under the Industrial Hemp Act 2017 (SA). A licence is required to possess, cultivate, process or supply industrial hemp for commercial production or any other purpose [s 8(1)].
The relevant Commonwealth legislation is contained in the Customs Act 1901(Cth) , the Narcotic Drugs Act 1967 (Cth) and the Psychotropic Substances Act 1976 (Cth) . However, in daily practice only the Customs Act 1901 (Cth) is likely to be encountered. The Customs Act 1901 (Cth) is concerned with the movement and control of goods into and out of Australia and also contains many offences not related to drugs.