Contempt of Court
Contempt of court is the failure to obey a court order or an act which shows a disregard for the authority of the court or judge. For example, a failure to comply with a subpoena which as been properly addressed and served on a person [see for example, District Court Criminal Rules 2014 (SA) r 78]. This is a common law offence, and procedure surrounding written charges, warrants etc can be found in the rules [see District Court Criminal Rules 2014 (SA) rr 128-133].
A person in contempt may face a fine, or imprisonment, or both.
Disrespectful Conduct in Court
A person who is a party to proceedings in court must not intentionally engage in disrespectful conduct before the court during the proceedings.
Maximum penalty: $1250 or 3 months imprisonment
[Summary Offences Act 1953 (SA) s 60(1) ]
Disrespectful conduct includes:
A person must first be warned by the court that the person's conduct may result in a charge [s 60(2)].
It is a defence to section 60(1) if the conduct of the person charged was due to a cognitive impairment (including mental illness) or a physical disability [s 60(3)].
This section does not apply to children in the Youth Court [s 60(8)].